19th Century
20th Century
21st Century
Teaching Style
Lecture
Lecture
P2P collaboration
Curriculum
Books, blackboard
Textbooks
Community-generated content
Location
One-room schoolhouse
Classrooms
Anywhere
Interaction
Q and A
Labs
Self-directed exploration, teamwork
Objective
Survival
Employment
Lifelong learning skills
Tools
Blackboard
Labs
Personal devices
Result
“Book learning”
Memorized facts and information
Adaptation, growth
Rogers, Chan and Isom (2007)